By 2050, Climate Change Will Cost Nigeria $460 Billion – Expert

By 2050, Climate Change Will Cost Nigeria $460 Billion – Expert

By 2050, Climate Change Will Cost Nigeria $460 Billion – Expert

By 2050, Climate Change Will Cost Nigeria $460 Billion – Expert

According to the director of the Alex Ekwueme Federal University’s Centre for Climate Change and Development, if nothing is done to lessen its impacts, climate change will cost Nigeria $460 billion by 2050.

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On the eve of the ninth international Lagos Climate Change Summit, Okereke revealed the information in an interview with the News Agency of Nigeria.

“Climate change is costing Nigeria already $100 billion per annum. This amount will rise to about $460 billion per annum by 2050.

“And this represents a huge amount of our Gross Domestic Product.

“From 2020 till now, climate change is already costing N15 trillion, representing two to 11 percent of the GDP, by 2050, climate change will be costing N69 trillion, representing six to 30 percent of the GDP,” Okereke said.

By 2050, Climate Change Will Cost Nigeria $460 Billion – Expert

The expert, who serves as a visiting professor at Oxford University, claimed that the nation’s flooding and increasing sea levels were already being significantly impacted by climate change.

In Nigeria, 25 million people are already being impacted by flooding, according to Okereke.

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“In Yenegoa, there are 302,782 people estimated to be exposed to high flood risk along the Niger-Benue basin in the Niger Delta area with 630km of land susceptible to flooding.

“In Lagos, 375,000 people are exposed to flooding; the number will increase to about 3.2 million people by 2050.

“The direct estimate of damage and loss is N1.48 trillion. The total damage and loss, including indirect ones due to flooding, is about N2.6 trillion,” Okereke said.

By 2050, Climate Change Will Cost Nigeria $460 Billion – Expert

He said that with the rise in sea level, an estimated 27 to 53 million people in the country might need to be relocated with a 0.5m increase in sea levels.

Okereke said that coastal settlements like Bonny, Forcados, Lagos, Port Harcourt, Warri, and Calabar were at risk of a vast amount of oil infrastructure.

He noted that the country had mapped out a lot of interesting policies to mitigate the effects of climate change.

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Okereke listed the policies as a long-term sustainability plan to achieve a net-zero emission target by 2060 and determined a contribution to aggressively embark on actions to mitigate the impact of change.

“All these are very fascinating, interesting policies.

“However, the action on the ground does not come anywhere near what is needed to arrest the situation to address the impact of climate change and to also reduce emissions from economic wide activity.

By 2050, Climate Change Will Cost Nigeria $460 Billion – Expert

“So, we have a situation where we have a lot of various policies, documents, but very limited action on the ground and this worries me because I have been shouting that climate change poses an existential threat to Nigeria,” Okereke said.

He urged the government to match action with the right policies to achieve the desired result.

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“We need to inject a lot of finance and a lot of action to stem the problem of climate change,” Okereke said.

He noted that the impact of climate change on our agricultural system was extremely high.

Okereke said that many Nigerians engaged in one kind of agricultural activity or the other and agriculture constituted about 26 percent of the nation’s GDP.

By 2050, Climate Change Will Cost Nigeria $460 Billion – Expert

“With climate change, you will have drought and it will affect different crops and impose stronger and negative implications on food security system in the country.

“I have also argued that the depletion of the groundwater around the country caused by climate change and movement of people from the North to South thereby fuelling insecurity.


“So, you have desertification in the North, flooding in the West, you have erosion in the east and deforestation in the South.

And all of these things are threatening the existence and the wellbeing of millions of Nigerians,” Okereke said.

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